On 15th August 2019, India will celebrate its 73rd Independence Day. Here we present you few facts about India’s Independence :
1. India unofficially got Independence on 18th July 1947 however 15th August 1947 was officially chosen by Mountbatten. The reason for choosing this day was to commemorate the victory of allied forces over Japan in World War II on August 15, 1945.
2. At the time of Independence, India did not have its national anthem. Jana Gana Mana was adopted later in the year 1950. The Bengali version of Jana Gana Mana was written by Rabindra Nath Tagore and was sung in the year 1911 in the Calcutta Session of Indian National Congress.
3. The National Flag was first hoisted on 7th August 1906 at Parsee Bagan Square in Kolkata. Since then the flag went to several modification till tricolor with Ashoka Chakra was finally adopted on 22nd July 1947. Pingali Venkavya, a freedom fighter who came up with the idea of our very flag!
4. India shares its Independence Day with five more countries on August 15, but with different years. The countries are Bahrain, North Korea, South Korea, Congo, and Liechtenstein.
5. The Khadi Development and Village Industries Commission is the only licensed company engaged in production and supply of National flag. The Karnataka Khadi and Gramodyog Samyukta Sangha located in Dharwad is the only manufacturer of the flag made with cotton.
6. Even after independence in 1947, Goa still remained a Portuguese colony. Portugal made amendments in their constitution, stating Goa to be their state. In 1961, Goa was annexed to India.
7. Mahatma Gandhi wanted Indian National Congress to be disbanded after independence. He said in a draft resolution before his death that, the aim of INC is achieved, and it has outlived its use.
8. Mahatma Gandhi was absent from the celebrations of the country’s first Independence Day. He was in Calcutta to be a part of a hunger strike that was conducted to impede the communal killings that were triggered due to partition.
9. Hindi was declared as the official language of India on 14th September 1949. Article 343 of the Indian Constitution mentions Hindi in Devnagari script as the official language of India.
10. At the time of independence, the price of 10 grams of Gold was Rs. 88.62. The value of $1 was equal to 1 rupee.